The mediating role of social support in the relationship between physician burnout and professionalism behaviors
Burnout poses as an understudied challenge to professionalism, and social support may explain their relationship. We sought to investigate the role of social support (moderating or mediating) in the association between physician burnout and professionalism (with four behavioral domains: respect, integrity, excellence, responsibility).
3506 physicians (85.5%) effectively completed the survey. After controlling for potential confounding factors, burnout was associated with lower professionalism (β = -0.65, SE = 0.07), particularly in respect (OR = 0.51, 95%CI: 0.41-0.64) and responsibility (OR=0.72, 95%CI: 0.57-0.90). However, there was no statistically significant association between burnout and integrity or excellence. Social support was associated with higher professionalism ((β = 0.24, SE = 0.02) and all of its behavioral domains and played a partial mediating effect on the association between burnout and professionalism.