The increasing complexities of professionalism.

Hafferty, F.W., Castellani B.
Submitted: February, 2010

Compares Flexner’s view of professionalism and systems perspective which shows competing definitions in today’s world. Flexner’s reforms were grounded in his vision of two particular types of professional— the physician clinician and the full-time academic physician– scientist. The authors propose reform grounded in professionalism as a complex system composed of competing types.

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