Personal factors affecting medical professionalism: a qualitative study in Iran

Fateme Alipour, Zahra Shahvari, Fariba Asghari, Shahram Samadi, Homayoun Amini
Submitted: May, 2020

Professional behavior with patients and interactions with colleagues, the institution and professional bodies are influenced by many factors. The purpose of this manuscript is to clarify those personal factors affecting medical professionalism in clinical settings affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences. For this purpose, a qualitative study was carried out. One hundred and eighty-two participants were recruited through purposive sampling of clinical staff, physicians, and medical students in Tehran. Data were collected through 22 focus group discussions, and conventional content analysis was used to analyze the data. The results were reported in five categories to present the participants’ views. Categories were extracted from 103 codes and consisted of 1) people’s belief in professionalism, 2) personality traits, 3) problems in family, 4) mental or physical health status, a